Adolescent Admissions for Addiction Treatment (1994 - 1999)
GORSKI-CENAPS Web Publications
Published On: December 27,
20001 Updated On: December 29, 2001
© Terence T. Gorski, 2001
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Adolescent Admissions for Addiction
(1994 - 1999)
December 27, 2001
The number of adolescents aged 12-17 admitted to substance abuse treatment
increased 20 percent between 1994 and 1999 according to the latest
Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) report released today by the Department
of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Admissions for marijuana use grew from 43 percent of adolescent
admissions in 1994 to 60 percent in 1999. In 1999, about half (51 percent)
of adolescent marijuana admissions were referred to treatment through the
criminal justice system. Among all admissions to substance abuse treatment
for marijuana in 1999, more than half (57 percent) first used marijuana by
the age of 14, and 92 percent by the age of 18.
TEDS treatment admissions were dominated by four substances in 1999:
alcohol (47 percent), opiates (16 percent; primarily heroin), cocaine (14
percent), and marijuana/hashish (14 percent). These four substances
together accounted for 91 percent of admissions.
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson said, "From 1992 to 1997 we saw a
dramatic increase in marijuana use among our young people. Our fears have
become a reality and our children have not only harmed their future but
have fallen victim to crime as a result of their addiction. The good news
in this report is that more young people are getting help. Treatment can
help them end dependence on addictive drugs."
"While we can all be thankful that people who need help are getting
it, this report shows some of the real-life consequences of marijuana
use," said John P. Walters, Director of National Drug Control Policy.
"In recent years, too many people have said that marijuana is a
'harmless' drug. That is a lie."
"Providing treatment for people in need is both compassionate
public policy and a sound investment," said Charles G. Curie,
administrator of HHS's Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration (SAMHSA). "We need to ensure that the critical links
are made at the community level among treatment providers, criminal
justice, education, and social service systems and that effective
treatments - such as the tested and effective treatment models for
marijuana dependence developed by SAMHSA - are being used at the local
By providing information on changing geographic and demographic
patterns in treatment admissions, TEDS reflects underlying trends in
substance abuse with significant implications for program planning..
Additional key findings include:
Alcohol admission rates
generally were highest in the Pacific Northwest, North Central, and
Northeast states. The rate for the United States as a whole declined
by 19 percent between 1994 and 1999, from 418 per 100,000 aged 12
and over to 337 per 100,000. This rate of decline was equaled or
exceeded in 16 states (Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas,
Louisiana, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico,
North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Utah).
Heroin admission rates
were highest in the Pacific and Middle Atlantic states. The rate for
the United States as a whole was stable over the period 1994-1999.
However, heroin admission rates increased between 1994 and 1999 by
100 percent or more in 15 states (Alabama, Delaware, the District of
Columbia, Idaho, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, New
Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, and
Cocaine admission rates
were generally highest in the Middle Atlantic and some Southern
States. Trends indicated stable or declining admission rates for
cocaine abuse. Cocaine admission rates decreased from 1994 to 1999
by 25 percent or more in 18 states (Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut,
Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina).
admission rates showed substantial increases across a large number
of states. The U.S. admission rate for marijuana abuse increased
from 69 per 100,000 persons aged 12 and over in 1994 to 103 per
100,000 in 1999. In 13 states, 1999 rates were at least double the
rates reported in 1994. (Alabama, Delaware, the District of
Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Nevada, Ohio,
South Carolina, Washington, and Wyoming).
methamphetamine/amphetamine admission rates increased, spreading
east from the Pacific states into the Midwest and South. In 16
states, rates at least doubled between 1994 and 1999. (Alabama,
Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri,
Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee,
Utah, Washington, and Wyoming).
The 1999 TEDS report, developed by SAMHSA, provides information on the
characteristics of the approximately 1.6 million annual admissions to
treatment for abuse of alcohol and drugs in facilities that report to
their states. These facilities are licensed or certified by the state
substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment, and are
required by the states to provide data.
To obtain a copy free of charge of the "Treatment Episode Data Set
(TEDS) 1994-1999" report, contact SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for
Alcohol and Drug Information at 1-800-729-6686, or at http://www.samhsa.gov
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration, a public health agency within the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services, is the lead federal agency for improving the
quality and availability of substance abuse prevention, addiction
treatment and mental health services in the United States. Information on
SAMHSA's programs is available on the Internet at www.samhsa.gov.
News media requests should be
directed to Media Services at (800) 487-4890.
Contact: At SAMHSA: Josie Graziadio Phone:
(301)443-8956: At ONDCP: Tom Riley Phone: (202)395-6627